acid ketone

acid ketone
кетонокислота

English-Russian dictionary of chemistre. 2014.

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  • Ketone — group …   Wikipedia

  • Ketone bodies — are three water soluble compounds that are produced as by products when fatty acids are broken down for energy in the liver and kidney. They are used as a source of energy in the heart and brain. In the brain, they are a vital source of energy… …   Wikipedia

  • Ketone — Ke tone (k[=e] t[=o]n), n. [Cf. {Acetone}.] (Chem.) One of a large class of organic substances resembling the aldehydes, obtained by the distillation of certain salts of organic acids and consisting of carbonyl ({CO}) united with two hydrocarbon… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ketone body — n any of the three compounds acetoacetic acid, acetone, and the beta derivative of hydroxybutyric acid which are normal intermediates in lipid metabolism and accumulate in the blood and urine in abnormal amounts in conditions of impaired… …   Medical dictionary

  • ketone — ketonic /ki ton ik/, adj. /kee tohn/, n. Chem. 1. any of a class of organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, CO, attached to two alkyl groups, as CH3COCH3 or CH3COC2H5. adj. 2. containing the ketone group. [1850 55; < G Keton, aph. alter.… …   Universalium

  • Ketone bodies — Chemicals that the body makes when there is not enough insulin in the blood and it must break down fat instead of the sugar glucose for energy. The ketone bodies acetone, acetoacetate, and beta hydroxybutyrate are toxic acidic chemicals. They… …   Medical dictionary

  • ketone body — noun a ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • acid–base reaction — ▪ chemistry Introduction       a type of chemical process typified by the exchange of one or more hydrogen ions, H+, between species that may be neutral (molecules, such as water, H2O; or acetic acid, CH3CO2H) or electrically charged (ions, such… …   Universalium

  • ketone — A substance with the carbonyl group linking two carbon atoms; the most important in medicine and the simplest k. is dimethyl k. (acetone). * * * ke·tone kē .tōn n an organic compound (as acetone) with a carbonyl group attached to two carbon atoms …   Medical dictionary

  • ketone — n. any member of a group of organic compounds consisting of a carbonyl group (=CO) flanked by two alkyl groups. The ketones acetoacetic acid, acetone, and β hydroxybutyrate (known as ketone (or acetone) bodies) are produced during the metabolism… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • ketone body — noun Date: 1915 any of the three compounds acetoacetic acid, acetone, and beta hydroxybutyric acid which are normal intermediates in lipid metabolism and accumulate in the blood and urine in abnormal amounts in conditions of impaired metabolism… …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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